The first trekkers were, of course, mountaineers who explored the un-climbed mountains. Mountaineering became a fashionable pursuit, especially tackling the Mt. Everest summit. After that the mountain adventure activities became big business which was sponsored by various organizations. Modern technique, equipment and advertisement have attracted crowds of people to the field of mountain expeditions. As a result, many expedition rules and regulations were made in order to systemize the process. The rules for mountaineering on major peaks include a minimum of 6 months advance application to the Ministry of Tourism, a liaison officer, a royalty of $1000 to $ 50,000 (depending on the elevation of the peak) and endorsement from the government.
There are 87 peaks open for foreign expedition, but Mt. Everest is usually booked many years in advance. Most expeditions are done in groups for the sake of safety, security and because it’s less expensive. The best season for expeditions is from April to June. Some of the most popular expeditions in Nepal are Mt .Everest, Mt. Kanchenjunga, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Dhauligiri, Mt. Annapurna, Mt. Manaslu, Mt. Chu-Yu, Pumari, Gauri Shanker and Mabublum.
We organize major expeditions in Nepal with all the necessities such as serving staffs, tents, food, accommodation, medicines, doctor, insurance and permits. Climbing guides open the way and fix the rope from base camp to the top, dividing the way by setting down camps 1, 2 and 3, to practice with acclimatization. After a long practice, they check the weather before attempting to summit. Then they’ll try to summit from Base Camp to the top once.
The Mt. Everest was first placed food on the summit British expedition led by John Hunt, finally succeeded, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached on 29th May 1953. Although, there were so many attempt to summit the top after survey of Everest in 1856 by Sir George Everest. The Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepali means ‘the head of sky’ and it is called Qomolangma in Chinese. So far hundreds of thousands of people has been climbed and some more than once.
Cho Oyu was first climbed by Austrians expedition in1954. It is just located 30 km west of Everest at the head of the Gokyo valley. The biggest Glaciers Nogzumb also begins from this mountain. This mountain is also allowed to climb from both sides Nepal and Tibet. It is the most successful out of eight over 8000m in Nepal. The route also follows the Gokyo valley trek to Cho Oyo base camp then we have to spend about 45 days until Base Camp in the Tent with lot practice and acclimatization until get summit.
It was first summated by the Swiss in 1960. Its name is derived from Sanskrit: Dhabals means whit and Giri means mountain. At first, that mountain was mapped by one of the secret Indian surveyors, the pundits in 1873. Dhaulagiri was the last successful mountain above 8000m in Nepal.
Kanchenjunga, at 8598m, is the third highest peak of the world and second highest in Nepal. It was first climbed by British team in 1956. The mountain is consist of four summit, the west summit is called yalung Kang has 8420m high and it is also regarded as separate peak. The first westerner explore Kanchenjunga was explored by British botanist JD Hooker 1848. After than many expedition were attempted to summit but, couldn’t success until 1956. This expedition also follows the Kanchenjunga circuit trek to KBC (Kanchenjunga base camp).Carrying all the necessary stuffs then practice lot in base camp.
Mt. Lhotse is the third highest mountain of Nepal. It was first climbed by Swiss expedition in 1956. The lowest part of the peak is called Lhotse shar, regarded as separate peak. The peak is just in south col of Everest and follows the south col route of Everest to summit Lhotse. This is also follows the EBC trek to reach base camp. It is done same activities like Everest until summit.